Matos Rodriguez, et al., v. Pan American Health Organization, et al., Case No. 20-cv-928 (U.S. District Court for the District of Columbia)

In 2013, Cuban doctors and medical professionals were involuntarily shipped abroad and forced to work under threats against themselves and their families. In Brazil, the doctors were kept in compounds under strict surveillance. Defendant PAHO organized this commercial exploitation of forced labor and brokered an agreement that paid it a percentage of the doctors’ wages as a commission for its role in the enterprise. PAHO’s actions violated U.S. statutes, Brazilian law, and international law regarding forced labor and human trafficking. The doctors are seeking damages under the Trafficking Victims Protection Act and the Racketeering Influenced and Corrupt Organizations Act.


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